Full name: Mark Rutte
Place and date of birth: The Hague, 14 February 1967
Place of residence: The Hague
Civil status: unmarried
1984: Secondary school, The Hague
1984-1992: Degree in Dutch history, Leiden University
On graduating in 1992, Mark Rutte joined Unilever, where he worked as a human resources manager and was responsible for staff training. Mr Rutte was also in charge of several reorganisations.
In 1997 Mr Rutte became personnel manager of Van den Bergh Nederland (Calvé), part of Unilever, where he also worked on a reorganisation. In 2002 he was appointed director of human resources at the IGLOMora Group BV, a Unilever subsidiary.
From 22 July 2002 to 17 June 2004 Mr Rutte was State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment in the first and second Balkenende governments. Between these governments he was a member of the House of Representatives for the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) from 30 January 2003 to 27 May 2003. From 17 June 2004 to 7 July 2006 he was State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science in the second Balkenende government.
From 29 June 2006 to 8 October 2010 Mark Rutte was the leader of the VVD parliamentary party.
From 14 October 2010 to 5 November 2012 Mr Rutte was Prime Minister and Minister of General Affairs in the Rutte-Verhagen government.
On 5 November 2012 Mark Rutte was appointed Prime Minister and Minister of General Affairs in the Rutte-Asscher government.
Party political positions and outside activities
Mark Rutte was national chair of the JOVD, the youth organisation of the VVD, from 1988 to 1991, and a member of the VVD party executive from 1993 to 1997.
He led the VVD campaign for the March 2006 municipal elections.
Since September 2008, Mark Rutte has worked as a guest teacher at the Johan de Witt group of schools in The Hague, teaching Dutch and social studies.