The Netherlands has been a constitutional monarchy since 1848.
The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy. This means that the government is subject to parliamentary scrutiny. The government consists of the King, the Prime Minister and the ministers. Parliament consists of an upper house – the Senate – and a lower house – the House of Representatives. The monarch is the head of state. The Constitution (Grondwet) lays down that the ministers and not the monarch are responsible for acts of government.