This issue contains 4 sections.
The Netherlands armed forces work for peace and security mostly within an international framework. Dutch military personnel are also active in missions within Europe, in Africa and in the Middle East.
Kosovo - KFOR
NATO’s Kosovo Force (KFOR) is responsible for ensuring a safe living environment in Kosovo. At present, the strength of KFOR stands at approximately 17,000 military personnel, distributed over five Task Forces. The Dutch contribution is limited to four personnel at KFOR headquarters, two intelligence experts and two personnel for the National Support Element.
Kosovo - EULEX
EULEX is a European Union mission with the objective of improving stability in Kosovo by providing support to the administrative, police, judicial and customs organisations of the country. The mission comprises a total of 2,000 people from various EU countries. The Netherlands has approximately 20 military personnel, most of them from the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, stationed in Kosovo for EULEX. The Dutch contribution also includes personnel from the Dutch civilian police force and specialists from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Security and Justice.
Burundi - SSR
Since the end of the civil war in 2004, the Netherlands has participated in Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Burundi. Security Sector Reform oversees various projects tasked with reforming the entire security sector in the country. SSR is meant to lead to stabilisation. At present, Burundi, a democratic country, is not yet capable of providing full security and stability for its citizens.
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Congo - EUSEC
In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the European Security mission (EUSEC) and the EU Security Reform Finance project (EUSEC FIN) support the reform and build-up of an integrated Congolese armed forces.
Kenya - UNODC
From 1 July 2010, the Netherlands has provided a police adviser to the Counter-Piracy Programme (CPP) of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The adviser is from the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee and is based in Nairobi, Kenya. The UN programme provides effective support to countries in the Horn of Africa that have agreed to combat piracy in an efficient and humane manner. The Dutch contribution was initially for 1 year on a 6-month rotational basis, but was extended until May 2012.
Darfur - UNAMID
Since 2008, the Netherlands has supplied military personnel to the United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), a joint mission carried out by the United Nations and the African Union. UNAMID contributes to the protection of the population in the Sudanese region of Darfur. The people in that area are exposed to danger owing to violence between rebels, criminals and government troops.
The task of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation (UNTSO) is to monitor the agreed demarcation lines between Lebanon, Syria and Israel. UNTSO is affiliated with UNDOF (United Nations Disengagement Observer Force), which operates on the Golan Heights and UNIFIL (United Nations International Force In Lebanon), which operates in southern Lebanon.
The European Union Border Assistance Mission (EU BAM) is a European mission aimed at supporting border control at the Rafah border-crossing point in the Gaza Strip.
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The Netherlands also contributes to the United States Security Coordinator Dayton (USSC Dayton) team in the region. This mission is based in Ramallah on the West Bank and its programme is aimed at the improvement of the security services and the Presidential Guard of the Palestinian Authority.
Bahrain - Combined Maritime Forces
Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) is an international partnership of navies from 25 different countries which operates in the waters around the Arabian peninsula. CMF’s mission is to combat violent extremism and terrorism, to counter piracy, smuggling and human trafficking, and to promote, in collaboration with local and other partners, maritime security and stability in the region.
The Netherlands’ financial contributions to UN peace missions
For the July 2010 – June 2011 period, the annual budgets for all 15 UN peace missions amounted to a total of USD 7.83 billion. The Netherlands’ compulsory contribution to the UN is 1.855% of this amount. The Netherlands’ contribution for the July 2010 – June 2011 period was €. A budget of USD 7.06 billion has been set for the July 2011 – June 2012 period. However, this amount may increase owing to additions to the budget for, among other things, UNMISS (South Sudan).