Pride and prejudice - Addressing bias in the analysis of political violence

This report discusses eight common biases at the information gathering and analysis stages, from a lack of knowledge on how much information we lack, to short field visits and known-blank spots resulting in limited information gathering, and conflict and information framing.

Unbiased conflict information is essential for policy-makers and researchers alike. Yet, biases are very common in conflict settings: much needed information is often distorted and sometimes even unavailable.

A proper understanding of those biases enables policy-makers and researchers to better alleviate these problems. This report therefore provides practical suggestions on how to address each bias.


This Report has been commissioned by the Netherlands Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defence within the PROGRESS framework agreement, lot 5, 2017. Responsibility for the contents and for the opinions expressed rests solely with the authors; publication does not constitute an endorsement by the Netherlands Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defence.