Securing Critical Materials for Critical Sectors

The energy-, transport- and digital technologies-sectors are all highly dependent on China, not only in terms of technology, but also in terms of components and raw materials. What can the Netherlands do to secure its supply of critical materials and technologies?

The research for and production of this report have been conducted within the PROGRESS research framework agreement. Responsibility for the contents and for the opinions expressed, rests solely with the authors and does not constitute, nor should be construed as, an endorsement by the Netherlands Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defense. This project has been completed on behalf of the China Knowledge Network of the Government of the Netherlands.