Brexit: what will happen in 2020

As of 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom (UK) is no longer an EU country. A transition period began on 1 February 2020 and will last until 31 December 2020. During the transition period all EU laws and rules will continue to apply to the UK. As a result, almost nothing will change in 2020. Before the end of the transition period the EU and the UK plan to make new agreements for the time after 31 December 2020.

What will change for Dutch nationals in the Netherlands?

After Brexit nothing will change for you until 31 December 2020. You can still travel to the UK or order items online from the UK in the same way. All current European agreements, for example on customs formalities, driving licences or healthcare costs will still apply. Read the Q&As about travel, documents, healthcare costs and more on this website.

What will change for Dutch nationals in the UK?

The EU and the UK have made agreements about the rights of EU citizens living in the UK. During the transition period, you and your family members can continue to live, work or study in the UK. Social security, pensions and student finance arrangements will not change during this period.

If you will be leaving the UK before 31 December 2020, you do not need to register as an EU citizen in the UK. If you want to continue living and working in the UK after 31 December 2020, you must register by submitting an application for settled or pre-settled status on www.gov.uk. You must do this before 30 June 2021. Find out whether you need to register in the UK after Brexit. Find out whether you can continue to live and work in the UK after Brexit.

What will change for British nationals in the Netherlands?

During the transition period, you and your family members can continue to live, work or study in the Netherlands. Social security, pensions and student finance arrangements will not change during this period. You do not need a residence permit yet, only a valid passport.

However, Brexit does affect your residence status. You will need to make arrangements so that you remain legally resident in the Netherlands after the transition period. Over the course of the transition period, the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) will send a letter to all British nationals and their family members who are registered with their municipality.

In this letter the IND will invite you to apply online for residence status after the transition period. If your application is approved, you will get a residence permit. This will prove you have the right to live in the Netherlands. You will need this residence permit to live, work and study in the Netherlands after the transition period.

You must meet certain requirements to get a residence permit. Read more about the requirements for residence in the Netherlands after the transition period on the site of the Immigration and Naturalisation Service IND.

What will change for businesses that trade with the UK?

During the transition period – until 31 December 2020 – virtually nothing will change. There will be no new customs formalities in 2020, for example. And there will be no tariffs or quotas for imports and exports. The rules for data exchange will also stay the same.

During the transition period, the UK and the EU will negotiate the details of their future relationship after 2020. During 2020 it will become clearer what new rules will apply from 1 January 2021. But trading between the EU and the UK will certainly change. There will, for example, be customs formalities. Businesses must prepare for this. More information about the preparations you can already make is available on business.gov.nl.

How will cooperation with the British police and justice authorities be affected?

Until 31 December 2020 a transition period is in place. During this period all EU agreements and rules will still apply to the UK. Until 31 December 2020, EU member states will continue to cooperate with the British police and justice authorities in the same way they did before Brexit. 

During the transition period, the EU and the UK will negotiate the details of their future relationship. This may include new agreements about cooperation with the British police and justice authorities.