As a British national, can I work in the Netherlands as a cross-border commuter after Brexit?

December 24, 2020, 4 pm: The information on this page will possibly be updated in accordance with the partnership between the EU and the UK.

Yes, as long as you were already working in the Netherlands as a cross-border commuter while living in the UK or another EU country prior to 1 January 2021 and fulfil the conditions in the withdrawal agreement. You will need to have a cross-border commuter document, however. It is not yet known whether you will be able to start working in the Netherlands as a British cross-border commuter without a work permit from 2021 onwards. This depends on the arrangements made by the UK and the EU. 

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What is a cross-border commuter as defined by the withdrawal agreement?

A cross-border commuter is someone works in the Netherlands, but does not live here. They may be employed in the Netherlands (usually by a locally based employer) or registered in the Netherlands as self-employed.

If you were are a cross-border commuter on or before 31 December 2020

British cross-border commuters who were employed in the Netherlands (usually by a locally based employer) or registered in the Netherlands as self-employed on or before 31 December 2020 can continue to work in the Netherlands after that time. 

This is set out in the withdrawal agreement between the UK and the EU. You will need to apply for a cross-border commuter document from the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND), however. You will need this document to prove that you are entitled to work in the Netherlands as a cross-border commuter. You should bring it with you each time you cross the border.

If you become a cross-border commuter after 2020

It is currently uncertain whether you will be able to start working in the Netherlands as a British cross-border commuter from 2021 onwards without a work permit. This depends on the arrangements made by the UK and the EU. If no agreements are made, national laws for working in the Netherlands will apply. Depending on your job and how long you will be working in the Netherlands, you may have to ask your Dutch employer to apply for a work permit for you