Types of vaccine against COVID-19

A range of COVID-19 vaccines are being used in the Netherlands. All of them prevent people becoming seriously ill due to coronavirus.

More than one suitable vaccine

Since the beginning of 2021, COVID-19 vaccines have been available from various manufacturers. Experts are looking closely at who should get which vaccine. This partly depends on which vaccine is best suited to a particular target group. For example, some vaccines work very well for older people or people with certain medical conditions. Where possible, vaccines will be given to the groups for whom they are most suitable.

Chance of short-term vaccine side effects

You can experience side effects after receiving any vaccine, including COVID-19 vaccines. That’s because the vaccine activates the body’s immune system. This builds up protection against coronavirus, but it can also lead to mild symptoms. These go away within 1 to 3 days, just as with flu vaccinations.

The following side effects are common:

  • soreness at the injection site
  • headache
  • fatigue
  • muscle ache
  • mild fever

If you feel uncomfortable or have a high fever, you can take paracetamol.

Small risk of adverse reactions

Very occasionally after being vaccinated, someone can get an adverse reaction that hasn’t occurred before. But long-term side effects are rare, because your body breaks down the vaccine within a few weeks. The vaccine then leaves your body naturally.

If you’ve been vaccinated and experience a reaction that isn’t mild or doesn’t go away quickly, report this at mijnbijwerking.nl (in Dutch).

Information on types of vaccines (in Dutch only)

On Rijksoverheid.nl you can read more about the vaccines that have been approved for use in the Netherlands. The Medicines Evaluation Board also provides information on COVID-19 vaccines. Please note: the information provided by these sources is available in Dutch only.