Mandatory negative COVID-19 test results and declaration
If you are travelling to the Netherlands from a high-risk country you must present a negative PCR test result and a negative rapid test result. This is because there is a risk that travellers arriving from high-risk areas will import and spread coronavirus variants. The mandatory test results are not a substitute for other coronavirus measures, such as the entry ban, self-quarantining and vaccination.
People who test positive for coronavirus are not permitted to travel, including to the Netherlands. All passengers aged 13 and over must therefore present negative test results before travelling to the Netherlands. These rules also apply to people travelling to Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba (the Caribbean Netherlands).
Mandatory for people travelling from a high-risk country by aircraft, ship, train or coach
You must present a negative COVID-19 test result if you are:
- travelling to the Netherlands from a high-risk country. This is any country that is not on the EU list of safe countries; and
- travelling by aircraft, ship or international train or coach. Even if the Netherlands is not your final destination.
You must cover the costs of the tests yourself.
Rules if changing planes depend on country of departure
If your journey includes a transfer in the Netherlands or another country, the rules are as follows:
- If you start your journey in a safe country and change planes in a high-risk country
without leaving the airport, you are not required to present a negative test result. If you leave the airport, however, the requirement will apply to you.
- If you start your journey in a high-risk country and change planes in another country
the negative test result requirement applies to you, even if the country where you change planes is a safe country. The result remains valid during the layover.
- If you start your journey in a high-risk country and change planes in the Netherlands
the negative test result requirement applies to you, regardless of whether you leave the airport.
If you depart from a high-risk region where you cannot access a rapid test, and you change planes at an airport where rapid tests are available, get tested there and present the result before you board the flight to the Netherlands.
Negative tests results and negative test declaration
If you are travelling to the Netherlands, you may be asked to present one or more of the following documents:
an official negative PCR test result for COVID-19This applies to almost all travellers on passenger transport. The PCR test result must meet certain requirements. You may present it on paper or digitally, for example on a smartphone.
an official negative rapid test resultThis applies to all travellers coming from high-risk countries by aircraft or ship. The negative rapid test result must meet certain requirements. These are different to the requirements for the PCR test result.
a completed and printed negative test declaration, signed by youThis applies only if you are coming from a country that is not in the EU or Schengen area and you are not a national of an EU or Schengen country.
a completed health declarationThis applies only if you are travelling by air. Some airlines allow you to complete this health declaration digitally when you check in.
Presenting documents before departure and on arrival when travelling by air or sea
If you are travelling by air or sea, you must show these documents to the airline or shipping/ferry company before departure. If you are unable to present the correct documents, you will not be permitted to board.
If you are coming from an EU/Schengen area country or outside an EU/Schengen area country, a safety region official may ask you to present the documents on arrival.
If you are coming from a country outside the EU/Schengen area, the Royal Military and Border Police (Koninklijke Marechaussee) will ask to see your documents at passport control. If you are unable to present the correct documents and you are not a national of an EU or Schengen country, the Royal Military and Border Police may refuse you entry to the Netherlands.
Other coronavirus measures continue to apply
The requirement to present 2 kinds of negative test result applies in addition to the other measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus.
Test result requirement has not replaced entry ban
The requirement to present 2 negative test results (and a signed declaration) is not an easing of the EU entry ban or the self-quarantine requirement. You may still only travel to the Netherlands from outside the EU/Schengen area if you are exempt from the entry ban.
Always self-quarantine on arrival
Testing negative is not a substitute for self-quarantining. People with a negative test result should still self-quarantine for 10 days on arrival in the Netherlands. You can arrange to get tested for coronavirus again on the 5th day after your arrival. If the result of this test is negative you can end your self-quarantine. Consult the Ministry of Foreign Affairs travel advisories to see if the country you are arriving from is a high-risk country. To prepare for your journey to the Netherlands do the Quarantine Check for travellers. This is a practical checklist of steps to take before and after your journey. You should travel only if your journey is essential.
Requirement applies even after vaccination
You must present a negative test result even if you have received a coronavirus vaccination.
PCR and rapid test locations outside the Netherlands
A list of locations abroad where you can get a PCR test or a rapid test is provided on Netherlandsworldwide.nl.