Negative COVID-19 test result: exemptions
You must show a negative COVID-19 test result on departure if you are travelling to or returning to the Netherlands from a high-risk country. This rule applies to everyone aged 13 or over. There are some exceptions.
Exemptions from negative test result requirement
Passengers are exempt if they:
- are on a flight whose final destination is not in the Netherlands but which has to divert to a Dutch airport due to unforeseen circumstances.
For example, if due to a storm an aircraft travelling from New York to Frankfurt must land at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.
These travellers must still present a health declaration.
Some people continue to test positive when they have had COVID-19, even if they no longer have any symptoms and can no longer infect others. They may still travel with the following documents:
- a positive NAAT (PCR) test result or antigen test result based on a sample collected at least 2 weeks but no more than 8 weeks before travelling;
- a positive NAAT (PCR) test result based on a sample collected no more than 72 hours before arrival in the Netherlands.
They must also show:
- a negative rapid test result on departure based on a sample collected no more than 24 hours before; or
- if the rapid test result is positive, a doctor’s certificate stating that they can no longer infect others. This certificate must have been issued no more than 72 hours before boarding.
It must be in Dutch, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese or Spanish and bear the logo or stamp of the doctor or institute.
Transport workers and seafarers travelling to the Netherlands on passenger transport in connection with their work
This applies to seafarers who possess a seafarer’s record book and people who work in the goods transport sector and other essential transport personnel, who are travelling on passenger transport in connection with their work.
- lorry drivers;
- crew members on container ships, bulk carriers (e.g. ore and coal), tankers (fuel and chemicals) and fishing vessels;
- individuals who work in the energy sector, including oil and gas platforms and offshore wind farms, offshore companies that provide services to this sector, and crew members on aircraft, cruise ships and ferries if they are travelling in the exercise of their work.
Transport workers and seafarers travelling to or from their work in the Netherlands
This exemption also applies to transport workers and seafarers who are travelling to or from their work in the Netherlands. They do not need to present a negative PCR test result. Visit the website of the National Association of Transport Operators (TLN) (information in Dutch) for more information and an overview by country for the transport sector (information in Dutch).
The following people do not have to show a negative test result, but must show a health declaration:
- staff of diplomatic and consular missions or international organisations in the Netherlands, and the members of their official household, who have been or will be registered as such with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
- holders of non-Dutch diplomatic passports;
- holders of Dutch diplomatic passports, if they are travelling in the exercise of their work or travelling to or from work;
- heads of state and members of foreign governments;
- travellers in possession of a NATO travel order or a NATO-2 visa;
- travellers with a declaration from the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport who are travelling in connection with the urgent transport of organs, tissues and cells for the purpose of medical treatment;
- officials with a declaration from the Royal Military and Border Police who are performing tasks of national importance on behalf of the Minister of Justice and Security or the State Secretary for Justice and Security, and any individuals being accompanied by these officials.
Cross-border workers, students and schoolchildren do not need a negative test result to enter the Netherlands. They must, however, be able to show a health declaration.
Definition of cross-border worker, student and schoolchild
You live in the Netherlands.
- You work, study or go to school in another EU member state, Schengen country or the United Kingdom.
- You travel back to your place of residence in the Netherlands at least once a week.
You live in another EU member state, a Schengen country or the United Kingdom.
- You work, study or go to school in the Netherlands.
- You travel back to your place of residence in the other EU member state, Schengen country or the United Kingdom at least once a week.
Proof of status as a cross-border worker, student or schoolchild
You must be able to show the transport operator proof:
- of the country you live in (for example a rental agreement or a declaration from the municipality or another state body);
- that you work, study or attend school in another EU member state, Schengen country or the United Kingdom (for example an employment contract, a declaration from your employer, proof of enrolment from your university or school, or a declaration from your university or school).
If you are travelling to the Netherlands by car or motorcycle you do not need to show a negative NAAT (PCR) test result if:
- you are staying in the Netherlands for less than 12 hours;
- you stayed less than 12 hours in a very high risk or high risk country. During this time you only made short, necessary stops.