Negative COVID-19 test result: exemptions
There are some exceptions to the mandatory negative COVID-19 test result if you are travelling to or returning to the Netherlands. For example, people travelling from the EU who have proof of vaccination or proof of recovery are exempted.
Exemptions from negative test result requirement
The following categories of traveller no longer need to show a negative NAAT (PCR) or antigen test result:
- people travelling within the EU who have proof of vaccination or proof of recovery (a Digital COVID Certificate, for example)
- non-EU travellers who have proof of vaccination; proof of recovery is not accepted for this category.
The exemption does not apply to travellers coming from a very high-risk area.These people must follow the rules on testing and self-quarantining.
Passengers are exempt if they:
- are on a flight whose final destination is not in the Netherlands but which has to divert to a Dutch airport due to unforeseen circumstances.
For example, if due to a storm an aircraft travelling from New York to Frankfurt must land at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.
These travellers must still present a health declaration.
Some people continue to test positive when they have had COVID-19, even if they no longer have any symptoms and can no longer infect others. They may still travel with the following documents:
- proof of recovery, from within the EU and at least 11 days but no more than 180 days old before travelling
Or when they don’t have a proof of recovery:
- a positive NAAT (PCR) test result or antigen test result based on a sample collected at least 11 days but no more than 180 days before travelling;
- a positive NAAT (PCR) test result based on a sample collected no more than 48 hours before departure to the Netherlands.
They must also show:
- an antigen test result on departure based on a sample collected no more than 24 hours before departure; or
- if the antigen test result is positive, a doctor’s certificate stating that they can no longer infect others. This certificate must have been issued no more than 48 hours before departure.
It must be in Dutch, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese or Spanish and bear the logo or stamp of the doctor or institute.
Transport workers and seafarers travelling to the Netherlands on passenger transport in connection with their work
Transport workers and seafarers travelling to or from their work in the Netherlands from a high-risk or very high-risk area where a coronavirus variant of concern is not circulating do not need to provide a negative test result, proof of vaccination or proof of recovery. Visit the website of the National Association of Transport Operators (TLN) (information in Dutch) for more information and an overview by country for the transport sector.
Seafarers coming from a very high-risk area where a variant of concern is circulating are exempted from the requirement to provide a negative result from a NAAT (PCR) test conducted no more than 24 hours ago, proof of vaccination or proof of recovery only if they stay on board their ship.
This applies to:
- necessary work-related travel by people who work in the goods transport sector, such as lorry drivers and other transport workers;
- seafarers who possess a seafarer’s record book and seafarers on commercial ships of more than 24 metres in length, including crew members on container ships, bulk carriers (e.g. ore and coal), tankers (fuel and chemicals) and fishing vessels.
The following people do not have to show a negative test result, but must show a health declaration:
- staff of diplomatic and consular missions or international organisations in the Netherlands, and the members of their official household, who have been or will be registered as such with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
- holders of non-Dutch diplomatic passports;
- holders of Dutch diplomatic passports, if they are travelling in the exercise of their work or travelling to or from work;
- heads of state and members of foreign governments;
- travellers in possession of a NATO travel order or a NATO-2 visa;
- travellers with a declaration from the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport who are travelling in connection with the urgent transport of organs, tissues and cells for the purpose of medical treatment;
- officials with a declaration from the Royal Military and Border Police who are performing tasks of national importance on behalf of the Minister of Justice and Security or the State Secretary for Justice and Security, and any individuals being accompanied by these officials.
People entering the Netherlands by car or motorbike and who are not travelling for work.
If you were staying in another country
You do not need a COVID Certificate (negative test result, proof of vaccination or proof of recovery) if:
- you were staying in an EU/Schengen country with a green travel advisory;
- the country you were staying in has a yellow or orange travel advisory because of coronavirus, but your stay did not exceed 12 hours.
If you are visiting the Netherlands for less than 12 hours
You do not need a COVID Certificate (negative test result, proof of vaccination or proof of recovery) if you will be in the Netherlands for less than 12 hours.
Quarantine declaration required
If you have come from a very high-risk area, you will need to show a quarantine declaration, even if you will be in the Netherlands for less than 12 hours.
Very high risk or high risk countries
View the lists of countries with or without a COVID 19 risk in the checklists for entering the Netherlands.