Delta Programme - work in progress
Some parts of the Delta Programme are already being carried out or are in preparation. These were in fact existing measures that were later incorporated into the programme.
Delta Programme 2018
On Budget Day 2017, the House of Representatives received the eighth edition of the Delta Programme (DP2018), which falls, together with the Delta Fund, under the national budget. DP2018 focuses on the progress of the work that is being carried out on the delta: the (statutory) elaboration and the implementation of the Delta Decisions and the preferential strategies.
Flood Protection Programme
The Second Flood Protection Programme is almost finished and work has now started on a new programme. Its aim is to improve the flood defences that do not meet the new safety standards. The provisional plans for the new Flood Protection Programme are set out in the Delta Programme. Various projects are already under way. Rijkswaterstaat and the water authorities are responsible for carrying out the work.
Strengthening the Afsluitdijk
In 2006 the Afsluitdijk failed to meet the statutory safety standards. The government therefore decided to reinforce the Afsluitdijk and to install extra pumps in the sluices so that more water can be discharged into the North Sea if levels in the IJsselmeer rise. Work on the Afsluitdijk project will start in 2017 and will be completed by 2021.
Weak links in the dunes and dikes
In 2003 Rijkswaterstaat inspected all the coastal dikes and dunes. Several failed to meet the safety standards laid down in the Water Act. Rijkswaterstaat is undertaking repairs on 10 ‘weak links’. This project, which is nearing completion, was part of the Second Flood Protection Programme.
Room for the River Programme and River Maas Projects
The Room for the River programme aims to increase the discharge capacity of the Rhine. It consists of 34 projects in total. These are located on the Bergsche Maas and on stretches of the Rivers IJssel, Waal and Lek and the Lower Rhine.
Rijkswaterstaat, the water authorities, the provincial authorities and the municipalities have been working together on Room for the River since 2013. Most of the projects have now been completed. The last of the water safety measures will be in place by 2019 at the latest. Once the programme is completed, the Rhine will safely be able to discharge 16,000 cubic metres of water per second, measured at Lobith, where the river enters the Netherlands.
The River Maas programmes are being carried out along the stretches of the Maas near the Dutch-Belgian border under the headings Zandmaas and Grensmaas. The work is designed to improve flood protection, enhance the natural surroundings and better accommodate shipping. There are 52 projects. Some of these have now been completed.
To strengthen the coastal defences, the sand on beaches is being replenished. In a new trial – the ‘Sand Motor’ project – large quantities of sand are being deposited in front of the coast between Ter Heijde and Kijkduin. The sand will gradually be spread along the coast by the combined effects of wind, waves and currents. This will provide better protection against the rising sea level. The effect of the Sand Motor is being monitored closely. The provisional results were presented at a conference on 14 and 15 September 2016. The final results are expected in 2021.