International Public Goods (IPG's)

International Public Goods (IPGs) are international issues or goods that affect everyone, or goods that should be available to all. Clean air is an example. Everyone uses air and is affected by air pollution.

IPGs in Dutch development cooperation policy

IPGs play a major role in Dutch development cooperation policy. The Netherlands wants to achieve results on the following IPGs: trade, security, migration, water, climate, food security, raw materials and energy. You will find more information on this subject in the policy document ‘A World to Gain: A New Agenda for Aid, Trade and Investment

Countries can only address the IPGs by working together. Rich and poor countries and emerging economies alike will then share the responsibility for them. Poor countries are often vulnerable to international issues and have little say in them. Their location may, for example, be vulnerable, or they may lack the money to tackle problems. The concept of IPGs enables poor countries to strengthen their position and interests in international negotiations.

Raw materials as IPG

Raw materials are an important example of an IPG. No single country can find all the raw materials needed for domestic production and consumption within its own borders. So it is essential that the market should operate properly and that supply lines should be open and reliable. This ensures supply security for raw materials.

Supply security for raw materials is closely linked to other issues such as water supply and agricultural production. Mining, for example, needs huge quantities of water, which is not always available locally. And if there is enough water, it is often needed for other purposes: for farming, for consumption by people and animals, and as industrial cooling water.