Automatic loss of Dutch nationality

If you are an adult, you will automatically lose your Dutch nationality in one of several situations (see below). There are also several situations in which a minor can lose their Dutch nationality.

If you voluntarily acquire another nationality

As a rule, you will lose your Dutch nationality if you voluntarily acquire another nationality. There are three exceptions to this:

  1. You were born in the country whose nationality you have acquired and that country was your principal country of residence when you acquired its nationality.
  2. As a minor, your principal country of residence for an uninterrupted period of at least five years was the country whose nationality you have now acquired.
  3. You have acquired your spouse's or registered partner's nationality.

These three exceptions do not apply if you acquire Norwegian or Austrian nationality, however. In such cases, Dutch nationals will always lose their Dutch nationality due to a treaty with those countries.

You can find more information in the Factsheet Could I lose my Dutch nationality automatically? And how can I avoid this? (Pdf, 134 Kb).

If you live outside the Kingdom of the Netherlands or the EU and have dual nationality

You will lose your Dutch nationality if:

  • after turning 18, you live outside the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, St Maarten or the European Union for longer than 10 years;
  • you hold another nationality during that 10-year period.

You can find more information in the Factsheet Could I lose my Dutch nationality automatically? And how can I avoid this? (Pdf, 134 Kb).

Declaration renouncing your Dutch nationality

You will lose your Dutch nationality if you sign a declaration giving it up ('renouncing' it). From that point on, you are no longer a Dutch national. Under Dutch law, you are considered a foreign national. In the Netherlands, you can submit such a declaration via your municipality.

If you live abroad, you can do this at the Dutch embassy or consulate in your country of residence. You can only renounce your Dutch nationality if you hold another nationality. There is no charge.

Loss of Dutch nationality in the case of minors

There are several ways in which a minor can lose their Dutch nationality. For example, if the father or mother loses their Dutch nationality, the child loses their Dutch nationality too.

Information on this situation and others can be found in the publication Minors and loss of Dutch nationality (PDF, 114 kB).

Ministry responsible