What will change if I acquire Dutch nationality?

When you acquire Dutch nationality, you will be registered as a Dutch national in the Personal Records Database. This means you can vote in parliamentary elections and travel freely within the Schengen area.

Dutch passport or identity card

Once you are registered as a Dutch national in the Personal Records Database, you can apply for a Dutch travel document (passport or identity card) in your municipality. In the Netherlands everyone aged 14 or over is required to carry proof of identity, for example a valid passport or identity card. You must be able to present it to the police or other law enforcement officials. 

Travelling within and outside the Schengen area

As a Dutch national, you can travel freely within the Schengen area. It is advisable to always carry a passport or identity card when travelling in the European Union, as proof of identity. You will need a passport to travel outside the Schengen area.

Right to vote

You may vote in municipal elections if you:

  • are aged 18 years or older;
  • have lived in the Netherlands for at least 5 years; and
  • have a residence permit.

You do not need to have Dutch nationality.

If you are a Dutch national, you may vote in the elections for the House of Representatives and the Provincial Council. You may also work at the House of Representatives or the Provincial Council.

Renouncing your original nationality

In some cases, you will have to give up (renounce) your original nationality when you become a Dutch national. If you do not do this, the Immigration and Naturalisation Service can revoke your Dutch nationality. However, you do not have to give up your original nationality if:

  • you have the nationality of a country that does not allow you to renounce your nationality;
  • you have the nationality of a country that automatically takes away your nationality if you take on another nationality.

Dutch nationality for minor children

If you have children under the age of 18, they can also become Dutch nationals if they:

  • are included in your application for Dutch nationality;
  • are still under the age of 18 at the time of naturalisation;
  • have a valid residence permit.

If your children are aged 12 or older, they are entitled to give their opinion on becoming a Dutch national. Children aged 16 and older have to state that they want to become Dutch nationals themselves on the application.

Ministry responsible