Implementation of sanctions in the Netherlands
In general, sanctions are only effective if they are enforced by as many countries as possible. This is why they are typically enacted by the EU or UN. The Netherlands sets these sanctions down in sanctions orders, under the provisions of the Sanctions Act 1977.
Sanctions can be implemented in 3 ways:
- Measures that have not been set down in a European regulation but in another decision. These measures must be fully translated into a national sanction regime. An example of this type of measure is an arms embargo. In this situation, the content of the embargo is translated into national law.
- Implementation of measures included in an EU regulation. In this second case, it is sufficient to draw up a sanctions order that refers to the relevant provisions of the EU regulation. These references must then ensure that infringing the sanctions order is a criminal offence.
- If it is possible to implement existing instruments, there is no need to formulate new national rules. In such cases, it is enough to simply enforce existing measures. For example, in the case of individual travel restrictions, a visa application by the person in question would be rejected.