Monitoring and enforcement
As soon as a sanctions order is established in law, everyone in the Netherlands is obliged to follow it. This is true not only for individuals, but also for companies (including international corporations with offices in the Netherlands).
Individuals or companies that infringe the sanctions are liable to criminal prosecution.
The following institutions are responsible for overseeing observance of the sanctions:
- the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Finance oversee economic and financial sanctions;
- De Nederlandsche Bank and the Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets are in charge of the administrative supervision of compliance with the rules on financial transactions;
- the Public Prosecution Service, the police (including the Dutch Police Services Agency (KLPD) and the Royal Military and Border Police) and special enforcement officers are responsible for law enforcement.
Supervisory Officials Sanction Act
In addition, the Supervisory Officials Order (Sanctions Act 1977) designates specific officials from:
- the customs authority (POSS team, devoted to 'precursors, strategic goods and sanctions law');
- the Fiscal Information and Investigation Service (FIOD);
- the General Inspection Service (AID);
- the Cultural Heritage Inspectorate of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OCW);
- the commanders of naval vessels.
For more information about the implementation of sanctions, you can contact the Central Import and Export Office.