Position of the Head of State

Since 1848, the Constitution has laid down that the monarch is inviolable. This means that the monarch is politically neutral and the ministers are accountable to Parliament for government policy.

The ministers are also politically accountable for what the monarch says and does. As head of state, the monarch co-signs new Acts of Parliament. When a new government is formed, the King also signs the decrees appointing its members, and swears them in. In addition, the monarch is President of the Council of State and every year delivers the Speech from the Throne at the opening of the parliamentary session.

Cohesive role

The monarch binds people and population groups together and supports the activities of persons and organisations who play a cohesive role in society. As such, the monarch is impartial. This contributes to social stability, continuity and progress in the country. He/she expresses the people’s feelings at times of both joy and sadness.

Representative role

The monarch represents the Kingdom of the Netherlands at home and abroad. Every year, he/she undertakes state visits abroad and receives foreign heads of state and government visiting the Netherlands.

Encouraging role

The monarch regularly attends conferences, meetings, celebrations, remembrance ceremonies, and other official events. He/she devotes attention to positive initiatives in society and supports valuable trends and activities.