The Netherlands holds Russia responsible for the MH17 tragedy
The Netherlands and Australia hold Russia legally responsible for its part in downing flight MH17. The Netherlands has the backing of the international community in this.
Russia responsible for its part
The Netherlands and Australia have established that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that brought down flight MH17 and that this constitutes a violation of international law.
State responsibility can be invoked when states fail to uphold international law. In such cases it is possible to hold a state accountable for violating one or more international laws. This is a complex legal process which can be pursued via a number of avenues.