International biodiversity protection

There are international agreements on the preservation and sustainable exploitation of biodiversity, and on the fair distribution of the costs and benefits of biodiversity.

International biodiversity agreements

The main international agreement on biodiversity is the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Others include the European Birds Directive, the Habitats Directive, the EU Biodiversity Strategy, the EU Forest Strategy and CITES.

Biodiversity goals

The goals of European and international policy on biodiversity are:

  • to bring loss of biodiversity to a halt by 2020;
  • to consolidate the Natura 2000 network;
  • to compensate for biodiversity loss by applying the No Net Loss principle.