Offshore wind energy

Dutch central government is committed to ensuring that 14% of all energy used in the Netherlands is sustainable by 2020 and 16% by 2023. Wind energy is a key source of renewable energy for the Netherlands, which depends on it to achieve these goals. Government designates sites for offshore wind farms.

How much wind energy will be generated?

In 2015, offshore wind turbines generated 357 megawatts (MW) of electricity. At least 4,450 megawatts will be needed by 2023. This is set out in the Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth. By 2023, offshore wind turbines will supply electricity to about 5 million households. This means that offshore wind farms will generate about 3.1% of the total energy used in the Netherlands.

This contributes to achieving the goal of 16% sustainable energy in the Netherlands by 2023.

Offshore wind energy policy

Schemes like the Renewable Energy Grant Scheme (SDE+) encourage businesses to invest in sustainable energy, including offshore wind. SDE+ provides grants to sustainable energy producers. Government also designates suitable sites for new offshore wind farms, which may only be built at these sites. Government has opted for a limited number of large wind farms. Not only is this cheaper, but it also leaves plenty of room for other activities in the North Sea, like shipping.

See also