Quarantine and families with children
Self-isolate if it has been confirmed that you or your child have coronavirus. In general, the same quarantine rules apply to children as to adults, including staying at home if they have symptoms. If someone in the household has coronavirus, everyone must stay at home.
Quarantine rules for adults
In general, the same quarantine rules apply to children as to adults. Check the quarantine rules for adults. In some situations, it is difficult for families with children to follow the same rules as those for adults.
If a child with coronavirus cannot self-isolate, the whole household must stay at home
Younger children often cannot and should not self-isolate in a separate room in the house. Self-isolation means: staying in a separate room and staying 1.5 metres away from everyone else in the household. There are specific instructions on what to do if a child tests positive for coronavirus.
If the child cannot or should not isolate in a separate room:
- The whole family must self-quarantine at home which means:
- The child who has tested positive must stay at home and may not go outside until they are no longer infectious. A child is no longer infectious if they have had no symptoms at all for 24 consecutive hours on or after the 7th day after they first developed symptoms (day 0). If the child is still ill after 7 days, discuss this with the municipal health service (GGD). If the child had no COVID-19 symptoms when they were tested and did not develop symptoms after that, they are no longer infectious on the 8th day after being tested. Confirm this with the GGD.
- Parents/carers must self-quarantine at home as soon as the child is confirmed to have coronavirus and get tested as soon as possible. When the child is no longer infectious (after 7 days) parents/carers must self-quarantine at home for another 10 days. You can shorten this period of self-quarantine if you get tested by the GGD on day 5 of the extra 10-day quarantine period and the test result is negative.
Quarantine rules for children under the age of 4 with cold symptoms
Children under 4 do not need to stay at home if they:
- have cold symptoms (such as a runny nose, sneezing or a sore throat);
- cough occasionally.
- Children, school and COVID-19 (RIVM.nl)
- Guidance on children with cold symptoms (in Dutch only) (RIVM.nl)
Rules for children under 13 at school or in a childcare setting
If a child or staff member in a class or childcare group has coronavirus, others in the class or group do not have to self-quarantine. They can continue going to school or childcare. Parents should keep a close eye on their child’s health and keep them at home if they develop symptoms. Children who develop symptoms should get tested by the GGD.
If there is more than one case in a class or group the GGD will launch an outbreak investigation and may advise everyone in the class or group to self-quarantine.
Read more about the coronavirus rules that apply to primary education and special education.
Do the Quarantine Check to find out if you need to self-quarantine and when to get tested.