Voting in European Parliament elections

You can vote for the European Parliament if you are a citizen of the Netherlands or another Member State of the European Union (EU). There are a number of other requirements. Elections to the European Parliament are held every 5 years.

Last updated 11 October 2021

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Who can vote in European Parliament elections?

If want to cast your vote in European Parliament elections in the Netherlands, you must: 

  • hold Dutch citizenship or be a citizen of another EU Member State;  
  • be at least 18 years of age;  
  • not be excluded from voting (in Dutch);  
  • voters from other EU Member States must fill in a Y-32 form. This is a one-time registration that you must lodge with your municipality. On the Y-32 form, you declare that you are not voting in another country at the same time. Otherwise, you could be voting twice in the European Parliament election, which is not allowed. If you hold Dutch citizenship and wish to vote in the Netherlands, you do not need to fill in a Y-32 form.  

Voting in European Parliament elections from the Netherlands

A stempas (polling card) in Dutch will be sent to you at least 14 days before the election. You must take the polling card, together with proof of your identity (in Dutch), to a stembureau (polling station).  

You will receive the list of candidates at least 4 days before the election, including the addresses of the polling stations. 

If you are unable to vote in person, for example because you have to work or are on holiday, you can authorise another voter to cast your vote on your behalf (in Dutch). 

Voting in European Parliament elections from outside the Netherlands

If you hold Dutch citizenship but live outside the Netherlands, you have 2 choices.  

Voting in European Parliament elections in the Netherlands

If you wish to vote in the Netherlands, you can vote for the candidates of Dutch political parties. To vote in these elections, a one-time registration with the municipality of Den Haag (The Hague) is required. Afterwards, you will be able to vote via: 

  • postal vote and ballot paper;  
  • a written proxy form; 
  • a voter ID (for this option, you must be in the Netherlands on the day of the election). 

Voting in European Parliament elections in another EU Member State

If you are a Dutch citizen living in another EU Member State and would like to vote in the elections in your country of residence, you do not have to register in the Netherlands. You can simply vote for the candidates in your country of residence.  

More information about the European Parliament elections and voting from outside the Netherlands (in Dutch) is available from the Kiesraad (Electoral Council).

Laws and regulations (in Dutch)

Elections Act, Articles Y2 to Y4

Elections Decree, Section II

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