Brexit - new EU-UK partnership: where do we stand?

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. In 2020 the EU and the UK reached an agreement on their new partnership. It sets out the rules that apply between the EU and the UK as of 1 January 2021.

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New rules for the EU and the UK

The EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on 24 December 2020. This agreement sets out the rules on the new partnership between the EU and UK that apply from 2021. The rules cover areas such as:

  • travel and border controls
  • trade in services, such as delivery services and telecommunications
  • trade in goods, such as flowers and food
  • fair competition, including areas such as working hours and rules on the environment
  • fisheries, including how much fish EU vessels can catch in UK waters
  • social security, such as people’s right to receive benefits
  • security, such as agreements on cooperation to combat crime and terrorism.

Read more about the new EU-UK partnership in documents from the European Commission.

European Parliament must still approve agreement

The European Parliament must still approve the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement. The European Council has already approved the provisional application of the agreement. This means that the new rules are already in force. 

Brexit timelineKey dates in the Brexit negotiations between the UK and the EU: